Whereas BMX (bicycle motocross) appealed primarily to teenagers, the arrival of the mountain bike in the early 1980s made cycling chic. Taking with them the rock outlaw image from the Californian hippies who prototyped them, the ease of handling, garish accessories and subcultural jargon captured the imagination of a generation who had previously thought cycling too staid or childlike. By the 1990s, as cyclists began to find mountain bikes too sluggish for everyday use, road bikes, for both racing and touring, flourished and nostalgia developed for classics like the Raleigh Chopper.
   See also: cycling

Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture . . 2014.

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